Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also often called "sexually transmitted infections" or STIs, are infectious diseases transmitted through sexual contact. While the absolute best way to prevent contracting an STD is to abstain from any type of sexual intercourse, there are several precautionary measures you can follow to help reduce the risk of developing a sexually transmitted disease. The following practices are recommended by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
- Delay sexual relationships for as long as possible. The younger a person is when they first begin to have sex, the more susceptible they become to developing an STD.
- Make sure to correctly and consistently use a condom.
- Participate in a mutually monogamous sexual relationship with an uninfected partner.
- Only use sterile needles if injecting intravenous drugs.
- Prevent and control other STDs to decrease susceptibility to HIV infections.
- Avoid sexual intercourse during menstruation.
- Avoid anal intercourse or use a condom if you practice it.
- Learn the symptoms of STDs and seek medical help immediately if any symptoms develop.
- Get regular checkups for STDs.
If you are diagnosed with an STD, don't panic. Make sure to begin treatment immediately, take the full course of medications, and follow your physician's advice. It is also recommended to contact all recent sexual partners and advise them to get tested as soon as possible.
Posted by PRS
Tuesday, July 10th, 2007